Explainer: What are stablecoins, the asset rocking the cryptocurrency market?
Explainer: What are stablecoins, the asset rocking the cryptocurrency market?
what is a stablecoin

He is a CFA charterholder as well as holding FINRA Series 7, 55 & 63 licenses. He currently researches and teaches economic sociology and the social studies of finance at the Hebrew University in Jerusalem. TerraUSD now trades under TerraClassicUSD (USTC) since the Terra blockchain was officially halted and de-pegged from the U.S. dollar on May 9. "You don't want a private company to become massive in controlling the unit of account and managing reserves at a single point of failure," Marcus said.

what is a stablecoin

Get yourself a wallet that will let you buy ETH and swap it for tokens, including stablecoins, directly. Its value is roughly a dollar and it’s accepted widely across dapps. In the UK, the Bank of England has warned that stablecoins must face “difficult questions”. The Financial Action Task Force noted last year that the mechanisms for stabilising the assets could present avenues for market manipulation. From 2018 onwards, stablecoins have increasingly been used in international trade and as a way to avoid capital controls, says Joseph Edwards, head of financial strategy at crypto firm Solrise. The stablecoin Tether in particular is used for trade in and around China and South America, he said.

Kyber Network Crystal

Collateralized stablecoins maintain a pool of collateral to support the coin’s value. Whenever the holder of a stablecoin wishes to cash out their tokens, an equal amount of the collateralizing assets is taken from the reserves. Stablecoins are typically pegged to a currency or a commodity like gold, and they use different mechanisms what is a stablecoin to maintain their price peg. The two most common methods are to maintain a pool of reserve assets as collateral or use an algorithmic formula to control the supply of a coin. Just like other stablecoins, TrueUSD aims to facilitate increased liquidity and a trusted non-volatile crypto alternative to the likes of Bitcoin.

Although they aren’t collateralised in the same way as fiat and cryptocurrency-backed stablecoins, algorithmic stablecoins may have a pool of collateral in reserve in case of black swan events. To acquire crypto-backed stablecoins, users lock their cryptocurrency into a contract, which then issues the token. Stablecoins must then be paid back into the same contract before their collateral can be returned, with price stability achieved through various supplementary instruments and incentives.


You also need to trust that the issuer has the reserves they claim to have. Crypto-backed stablecoins work in a similar way to fiat-backed stablecoins. But instead of using dollars or another currency as reserve, we have cryptocurrencies acting as collateral.

  • They are more useful than more-volatile cryptocurrencies as a medium of exchange.
  • "As a Web3 infrastructure company and builder in the Hedera ecosystem, we are excited to offer on-chain data attestations (Reserves, FX Rates, etc) via our Oracle service, Axiom."
  • According to its partner developers, Binance and Paxos, BUSD is 100% backed by an “equal amount” of U.S. dollars and treasury bills.
  • While predominantly anchored to the US dollar in a near 1-to-1 ratio, there have been moments where this peg has slightly wavered.
  • Volatility makes it challenging to use cryptocurrencies for day-to-day payments.

A year later, a New York Attorney General probed the currency, claiming that Tether did not have the resources to fully back the token. Tether and Bitfinex eventually paid $18.5 million to the State of New York and agreed to meet new transparency https://www.tokenexus.com/coinmama-review/ reporting requirements to settle the matter without admitting the charges. An account with an exchange or a wallet you can buy crypto from directly. Market capitalisation is the total number of tokens that exist multiplied by the value per token.

USD Coin (USDC), the next in line

These are probably the best-known examples of stablecoins right now and the coins we've found useful when using dapps. If you're new to Ethereum, we recommend doing some research first. Finder.com is an independent comparison platform and information service that aims to provide you with the tools you need to make better decisions.

what is a stablecoin

There are multiple ways to do this, and most rely on another asset acting as collateral. Some methods have proved more successful than others, but there is still no such thing as a guaranteed peg. Like everything in crypto, the predicted Annual Percentage Yields (APY) can change day-to-day dependent on real-time supply/demand.

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